COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF STUDENTS IN INTEGRATED SCIENCE AND BASIC SCIENCE IN OHAFIA AREA OF ABIA STATE, NIGERIA
This study set to compare academic achievement of students in Integrated Science and Basic Science in Ohafia Local Government Area, Abia State, Nigeria. The study utilised the ex-post facto design. 6950 students from ten (10) schools purposively selected from the twenty-seven (27) schools in Ohafia L.G.A. served as sample. Junior Secondary Certificate Examination (JSCE), Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE) scores and a well structured questionnaire were the instruments used for data collection. Data were analysed using students t-test and mean. Results indicated that there is no significant difference between the academic achievement of male and female students in integrated science, male and female students in basic science. Also there is no significant difference between the academic achievement of students in integrated science and Basic Science. Teachers agreed that basic science curriculum is different from integrated science.The majority of the teachers also agreed that the textbooks for basic science are more comprehensive than integrated science textbooks. Teachers agreed that teaching equipment and facilities are now made available for the teaching of basic science than it was during the era of integrated science. The majority of teachers disagree that the time allotted for teaching basic science on the school time table is better than the time allotted for teaching integrated science. Recommendations were made among which is the need for curriculum planners to ensure that any change made in the structure of the curriculum is communicated to teachers and to ensure implementation with immediate effect.
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